Bobby Riggs in Margaret Court se spopadeta v prvi "Bitki spolov"

Bobby Riggs in Margaret Court se spopadeta v prvi


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13. maja 1973, v prvih letih osvobodilnega gibanja žensk, se teniška zvezdnika Bobby Riggs in Margaret Court spopadeta v izzivu za zmagovalca za 10.000 dolarjev. 55-letni Riggs, teniški prvak iz poznih tridesetih in štiridesetih let, ki je bil znano skeptičen do ženskih talentov na teniškem igrišču, je tekmovanje označil za "bitko spolov". Tekma, ki je bila odigrana ob materinskem dnevu in je bila posredovana po vsem svetu, je potekala na domačem terenu Riggsa, podeželskem klubu San Vincente v Ramoni v Kaliforniji, severovzhodno od San Diega. Izkupiček so obljubili Ameriškemu združenju za sladkorno bolezen.

PREBERITE ŠE: 7 žensk, ki so odpravile športne ovire

Bobby Riggs je prvotno predlagal tekmo moških in žensk Billie Jean King, ki jo je poimenoval "vodilni ženski teniški igralec". King je ponudbo ignoriral, vendar jo je sprejela avstralska Margaret Court, ki je na zadnjih 92 tekmah zmagala na 89 tekmah in bila vodilna zmagovalka denarja na ženski profesionalni turneji. Pred tekmo je Riggs glasno in dosledno medijsko omalovaževala ženski tenis in njegove igralke, Court, ki se ukvarja z vzgojo svojega enoletnega sina, pa ni rekel nič.

Court je bila igralka servisa in odbojke, znana po svoji težki igri na mreži. V nasprotju s tem je bil Riggs izhodiščni in pozneje je postalo znano, da je imel igrišče znova, da bi upočasnilo igro, kar mu je dalo čas, da se konča in v svojo moč vloži več moči. Počasna površina je sodišče takoj postavila v slabši položaj. Riggs ji je vrnil strele sodišča, kar je prekinilo ritem, ki ga je bila vajena na težko prizadeti ženski turneji. Zmečkana je tekmo izgubila s 6-2, 6-1.

V trenutku, ko se je tekma končala, je Riggs znova izzval Billie Jean King. Sprejela je in njihova tekma zmagovalcev za 100.000 dolarjev, ki so jo nekateri poimenovali "libber vs lobber", je potekala 20. septembra 1973 pred razprodano množico Houston Astrodome. Prevladoval je 29-letni kralj, 6-4, 6-3, 6-3. Na novinarski konferenci po tekmi je Riggs izgubo pojasnil: »Bila je predobra, prehitra. Vrnila mi je vse podane udarce in jih odlično odigrala ... Poskušal sem igrati svojo igro, a nisem mogel. "

Po Riggsovi smrti leta 77 v letu 1995 je King pohvalil njeno nekdanjo tekmico in njegov verjetno naključni prispevek k napredku na področju enakosti spolov: "Naša tekma" Bitka spolov "je pripomogla k napredku igre tenisa in žensk povsod."

PREBERITE ŠE: Ko je Billie premagala Bobbyja


Pravi razlog Billie Jean King, ki je premagal Bobbyja Riggsa, nima nič opraviti s tenisom

Po legendi sama razlog, da je Billy Jean King leta 1973 zmagal na zloglasni teniški tekmi Battle of Sexes, pravzaprav nima nobene zveze s samim športom. Nato 29, je King v treh nizih premagal 55-letnega nekdanjega prvaka Wimbledona Bobbyja Riggsa. Slavni obračun, ki ga je po televiziji spremljalo in gledalo več kot 90 milijonov ljudi, je spodbudil Riggs, samooklicani moški šovinist, v poskusu, da bi zatrl tedanji feministični diskurz. Če bi lahko premagal Kinga, je razmišljal, bi to dokazalo, da je žensko mesto v kuhinji in spalnici - ne pa na teniškem igrišču (ali kjer koli drugje.) S tem vročim spopadom idealov je življenje zaživelo v Leta 2017 Bitka med spoloma v glavnih vlogah Emma Stone in Steve Carell, ženska, ki je pred toliko desetletji premagala Riggsa na igrišču, trdi, da ni samo njena fizična spretnost prispevala k osvajanju njenega nasprotnika.

Sedela je s Kingom v hotelu W v Los Angelesu, legendarna igralka, zdaj 73 let, se spominja trenutka, ko je premagala Riggsa, kot da je bil včeraj. Sedi na robu kavča, nosi strukturiran rdeč jopič, svetlo rdečo šminko in en sam pramen biserov okoli vratu, v videzu, ki je skoraj predsedniški.

& quot; Všeč mi je bil Bobby, on je bil eden mojih junakov, & quot; pravi, da priznava, da je bila v resnici velik oboževalec svojega nasprotnika pred - in med - njuno široko objavo. & quot; želel sem, da bi ga cenili, a razlog, da sem ga premagal, je, ker sem ga spoštoval. Moj oče je vedno govoril: 'Vedno spoštuj nasprotnika, tudi če ti ni všeč.' Nikoli, nikoli ne podcenjujte svojega nasprotnika - nikoli. & Quot

Čeprav je King očitno nasprotoval vsakemu ponižujočemu občutku, ki je prišel iz Riggsovih ust, je lahko spoštovala njegove sposobnosti kot športnika, njegovo vzdržljivost in njegove impresivne dosežke. Žal Riggs ni mogel reči istega za Kinga, prvakinja leta 1973 pa to pomanjkanje pripisuje svoji končni zmagi.

& quotPo tem, ko sem zmagal, je preskočil mrežo in rekel: "Podcenil sem te." Nisem mogla verjeti, "pravi in ​​zmaje z glavo. & quotRespect vedno zmaga, saj lahko ponoči položite glavo na blazino in veste, da ste naredili prav. & quot

Riggsovo popolno pomanjkanje spoštovanja do nasprotnika govori o večjem kulturnem konfliktu, s katerim se ženske soočajo še zdaj. Ženske zaslužijo 79 centov na vsak dolar, ki ga zaslužijo moški, predstavljajo le 17 odstotkov članov upravnega odbora in le 20 odstotkov kongresa. Da ne omenjam, med eno petino in polovico veteranov je bilo spolno nadlegovanih med opravljanjem službe, seznam krivic in neenakosti pa se tragično nadaljuje. To očitno pomanjkanje upoštevanja ostaja na mnogih kulturnih področjih danes, skoraj 45 let po tem, ko je King na igrišču zatrl njenega mizoginističnega izzivalca. Zaradi tega King poudarja potrebo, da se ženske v prvi vrsti spoštujejo. To pomeni, da prosim za več denarja, ja, pa tudi za druge potrebe.

& quotŽenske se učijo, da ne sprašujejo, kar hočejo, ampak moramo. Pomislite, resnično si predstavljajte, kako to počnete, in ne zanima vas, kakšen je odgovor, "pravi. & quotČe je 'ne', obstaja še ena priložnost na drugem mestu. Nadaljuj. Vprašajte, kaj želite in potrebujete. Naredi svojo domačo nalogo. Večina direktorjev je moških, zato jih moramo prepričati, da nam dajo tisto, kar želimo. & Quot

Po mnenju aktivistke je bila večina športnih piscev v času njene tekme tudi moških. Zaradi tega je razvila način govora na tiskovnih konferencah, polnih moških, ki bi jim pokazali, da jih spoštuje in razume.

& quotMan dan, če uporabite besedo "feministka", se veliko ljudi takoj izklopi, zato sem res morala hoditi po vrvi, "pravi.

Da bi slišala svoje ideje o enakosti, bi se pogovarjala o tem, kaj beseda & quotfeminist & quot pomeni z moško sobo.

& quotRekel bi: "Preden začnemo, razčistimo, kaj stvari pomenijo. če uporabim besedo feministka, mi to pomeni. Pomeni enake pravice in možnosti za vse, moške in ženske. Ne sovražimo moških, «pravi. & quot; Moral sem iti skozi ta izobraževalni proces. & quot

Čudno in na žalost se pogovor okoli besede & quotfeminist & quot ni tako močno spremenil. Čeprav vemo, da beseda preprosto pomeni enakost Forbes pisateljica Kathy Caprino, & quot; Obstaja na tisoče ljudi, ki verjamejo v enake pravice, vendar menijo, da je "feminizem" beseda in gibanje, ki ni v skladu z njihovimi osebnimi prepričanji ali vrednotami. "King se je takrat trudil popularizirati ta izraz, ženske pa se s tem še vedno soočajo iste težave desetletja kasneje.

Toda to je le ena borba, ko gre za enakost kot celoto. Ženske imajo tudi v sebi težave, na primer učenje ljubezni do sebe. King obžaluje nenehno bombardiranje podob, zaradi katerih se ženske in dekleta lahko počutijo slabo glede svojega telesa.

"Poglej reklame na televiziji," pravi. & quot Grozni so. Pravijo: "Izgubil sem 50 kilogramov in počutim se bolj seksi", če pa je vaša samopodoba odvisna od tega, ste v težavah. & Quot

Seveda je ljubezen do sebe na žalost lažje reči kot narediti. Za Kinga je ta premik v razmišljanju mogoče doseči z ljubeznijo in podporo drugim ženskam. "Moramo se še naprej krepiti, nato pa nas morajo okrepiti tudi moški," pravi.

King pa svoj denar položi tam, kjer je usta, saj je ustanovil več kot eno organizacijo, ki si prizadeva opolnomočiti in pomagati svojim sošolkam. Vodstvena pobuda Billie Jean King in Fundacija za ženski šport si prizadevata dati sredstva za pomoč ženskam in dekletom pri doseganju moči in izpolnitve kot vodje in v športnih ekipah.

King je morda zmagal v bitki spolov leta 1973, vendar je jasno, da je v imenu žensk povsod - na igrišču in izven njega - še veliko bitk. Ker pravi razlog, da je Billie Jean King zmagala na slavnem dvoboju, ni imel nobene zveze s teniškim športom - in tudi razlog, da se je odločila za Riggsa.


Vsebina

Uredi mladinsko kariero

Riggs, rojen in odraščen v soseski Lincoln Heights v Los Angelesu, je bil eden od šestih otrok Agnes (Jones) in ministra Gideona Wrighta Riggsa. [9] Kot fant je bil odličen igralec namiznega tenisa in ko je pri dvanajstih letih začel igrati tenis, [1] se je hitro spoprijateljil, nato pa ga je vodila Esther Bartosh, ki je bila tretja igralka v Los Angelesu. Odvisno od hitrosti in nadzora žoge je kmalu začel zmagovati na turnirjih za dečke (do 15 let) in nato za mladince (do 18 let). Čeprav se včasih govori, da je bil Riggs eden odličnih teniških igralcev, ki sta ga v teniškem klubu Los Angeles vzgajala Perry T. Jones in Teniška zveza Južne Kalifornije, Riggs v svoji avtobiografiji piše, da je Jones dolga leta menil, da je Riggs premajhen in ni dovolj močan, da bi bil vrhunski igralec. (Jack Kramer pa je v svoji avtobiografiji dejal, da se je Jones obrnil proti Riggsu, "ker je bil prevarant otrok".) [10]: 21 Potem ko je Riggsu najprej pomagal, ga je Jones zavrnil sponzorirati na pomembnih vzhodnih turnirjih. Riggs je s pomočjo Bartosha in drugih igral na različnih državnih turnirjih, do 16. leta pa je bil peti uvrščeni mladinski igralec v ZDA. Naslednje leto je osvojil svoje prvo državno prvenstvo in zmagal na državnem mladinskem prvenstvu, ko je v finalu premagal Joea Hunta. Istega leta 1935 se je s Huntom srečal na 17 tekmah v zadnjem krogu in na vseh 17 zmagal. Štiri leta igre je ostal brez poraza na srednji šoli Franklin (Los Angeles) v Highland Parku v soseski Los Angeles in bil prva oseba, ki je trikrat osvojila trofejo kalifornijske državne šole. [11] V letih 1934–36 je na teniškem turnirju Ojai zmagal v samcu za moške. [12]

Pri 18 letih je bil Riggs še vedno mlajši, a je osvojil naslov moških v južni Kaliforniji, nato pa se je kljub Jonesovemu nasprotovanju odpravil na vzhod, da bi igral na travniškem igrišču. Med potjo je zmagal na ameriškem prvenstvu v moški igri na igrišču v Chicagu in v finalu s padci in udarci premagal Franka Parkerja. Čeprav še nikoli ni igral na travnatih igriščih, je Riggs zmagal na dveh turnirjih in se uvrstil v finale dveh drugih. Čeprav je bil še mlad, je leto končal na četrtem mestu lestvice moških v Združenih državah. Kramer, ki je bil tri leta mlajši od Riggsa, piše: "Takrat sem veliko igral v Riggsu v teniškem klubu v Los Angelesu. Tudi sam sem mu bil všeč, vendar mi nikoli ni dal miru. Dokler je le mogel, je Bobby me je vedno gledal navzdol. "Želim, da veš, kdo je šef, do konca svojega življenja, Kid," mi je rekel. Bobby Riggs je bil vedno odkrit. " [10]: 31

Slog igranja Uredi

Ker je bil majhen, mu je manjkala celotna moč njegovih večjih konkurentov, kot sta Don Budge in Kramer, vendar je to nadoknadil z možgani, nadzorom žoge in hitrostjo. Glavni strateg in taktik sodišča je nasprotnika izoblikoval izven položaja in dosegel točke z najboljšim padcem in lobom v igri ter kaznoval udarce po tleh, zaradi katerih je prišel v mrežo za pospravljene strele. Kramer, eden redkih igralcev, ki je bil nedvomno boljši od Riggsa, piše, da obstaja velika "napačna predstava" o Riggsu. "Ni igral v stilu Harolda Solomona z rinkastim dinkom, ki je žogico premetaval po umazaniji. Ni imel velikega servisa, a je to nadoknadil z nekaj prikritih prvih servisov in kot drugi drugi servis Takrat sem videl. Ko govorite o globini in natančnosti obeh, se Riggsov drugi servis uvršča med ostale tri najboljše, kar sem jih kdaj videl: von Crammov, Gonzalesov in Newcombeov. " Riggs je v svoji avtobiografiji zapisal: "Na tekmi leta 1946 z Budgeom [za prvenstvo Združenih držav Amerike] sem ob vsaki priložnosti napolnil mrežo. Z uporabo tega, kar sem imenoval svoje tajno orožje, trd prvi servis, sem nenehno napadal med 6. –3, 6–1, 6–1 zmaga. "

"Riggs," je dejal Kramer, "je bil odličen prvak. Premagal je Seguro. Budgeta je premagal, ko je bil Don še malo čez vrh. Na dolgi turneji, tako gor in dol kot Vines, nisem tako prepričan da Riggs ne bi igral Elly zelo blizu. Prepričan sem, da bi premagal Gonzalesa - Bobby je bil prehiter, imel je preveč nadzora nad Panchom - ter Laverja in Rosewalla in Hoada. "

Kramer je nadaljeval, da bi Riggs "lahko obdržal žogo v igri in lahko bi našel načine za nadzor nad večjim, močnejšim nasprotnikom. Lahko bi vas privezal z zadetki po dolgih črtah, nato pa bi vas raztrgal z žetoni in padci. Izjemen je bil z volejem z obeh strani in lahko je lobiral tako dobro kot vsak človek. Lahko je lobiral tudi na begu. Lahko bi ga prikril in lahko zadel zmagovalne režijske stroške. močni, vendar so bili vedno na cilju. "

Uredi amatersko kariero

Kot 20-letni amater je bil Riggs del zmagovalne ekipe ameriškega Davisovega pokala leta 1938. Naslednje leto, 1939, se je uvrstil v finale francoskega prvenstva, nato pa zmagal v trojki wimbledonskega prvenstva in ujel samce, [5] dvojice z Elwoodom Cookom in mešane dvojice z Alice Marble, ki je prav tako osvojila vse tri naslove. [13] Riggs je dobil 100.000 dolarjev, ko je stavil na trojno zmago, nato pa zmagal na prvenstvu ZDA in si tako prislužil prvo svetovno amatersko lestvico za leto 1939. Riggs je med letoma 1937 in 1940 osvojil štiri zaporedne naslove posameznikov na prvenstvu Eastern Grass Court. se je združil z Alice Marble, svojo soprogo v Wimbledonu, in tako osvojil naslov prvaka ZDA v mešanih dvojicah leta 1940. Leta 1941 je osvojil drugi naslov prvaka ZDA za samce, po katerem je postal profesionalec. Njegovo novo kariero pa je vojaška služba med drugo svetovno vojno hitro prekinila kot vpoklicani specialist mornarice. [14] [15] Med služenjem vojaškega roka je bil Riggs temeljni član lige prvakov iz leta 1945, 14. teniske ekipe Navy District Navy Yard.

Urejanje poklicne kariere

Po vojni je kot profesionalec Riggs leta 1946, 1947 in 1949 osvojil naslove prvakov ZDA, ki je v vseh treh finalih premagal Don Budgea. Na medsebojni turneji proti Budgeu leta 1946 je Riggs zmagal na 24 tekmah in izgubil 22, poleg tega pa še eno tekmo v Birminghamu v Alabami, ki se je uveljavil kot najboljši igralec na svetu. [16] Budget je med vojno na vaji vojaškega usposabljanja utrpel poškodbo desne rame in nikoli ni popolnoma obnovil svoje prejšnje prožnosti. Zdaj, po besedah ​​Kramerja, je leta 1946 "Bobby igral Budgetu v ramo, ga lobiral do smrti, zmagal v prvih dvanajstih tekmah, trinajst od prvih štirinajstih, nato pa se je odločil premagati Budgeja, štiriindvajset tekem do dvaindvajset . "

Leta 1946 je bilo na vrsti 18 profesionalnih turnirjev od Memphisa 11. junija do Los Angelesa 17. novembra, ki so vključevali velike poklicne turnirje na Forest Hillsu in drugod. [17] Serija je igralcem podelila točke na podlagi njihovega cilja na vsakem turnirju. Riggs je s 278 točkami prvi zasedel turnir, nato Budge (164 točk), Kovacs (149 točk), Van Horn (143 točk), zasluži (94 točk), Sabin (74 točk), Faunce (68 točk), Jossi (60 točk), Perry (50 točk). To bi bila prva poročena serija turnirjev v poklicnem tenisu, ki se je ponovila šele leta 1959, 1960 in nato 1964–68. Riggs bi to turnirsko serijo označil kot dokaz svojega svetovnega profesionalnega tenisa na prvem mestu.

Kramer je imel leta 1947 senzacionalno amatersko leto. Riggs in Kramer sta se konec decembra 1947 trikrat srečala na hitrih notranjih igriščih. Riggs je zmagal na dveh od teh tekem.

Promotor turneje Riggs-Budge leta 1946 je bil Jack Harris. Sredi leta 1947 se je že dogovoril s Kramerjem, da bo po ameriškem prvenstvu postal profesionalec, ne glede na to, ali je zmagovalec. Riggsu in Budgeu je povedal tudi, da bo zmagovalec poklicnega ameriškega prvenstva za samske, ki bo potekal v Forest Hillsu, postavil svetovnega prvaka, ki bo svoj naslov branil proti Kramerju. Riggs je bil razburjen, saj je verjel, da si je že na turneji proti Kramerju uveljavil svojo pravico do branilca naslova svetovnega prvaka. Riggs je drugo leto zapored v finalu Forest Hills premagal Budgea, tokrat v tesni tekmi petih nizov. Harris je podpisal Kramer za 35 odstotkov bruto prejemkov in 20 odstotkov ponudil Riggsu. Nato si je premislil, kot je Riggs pripovedoval v svoji avtobiografiji, "pravi, da bi lahko dobil Teda Schroederja kot enega od podpornih parov, pod pogojem, da bi tako Kramer kot jaz odstopila 2½ odstotka naših delnic, da bi pripravila ponudbo Tedu. oba sta se strinjala - potem pa je Schroeder zavrnil. " Harris je nato podpisal Pancho Segura in Dinny Pails po 300 USD (danes 3.480 USD) na teden, da bi igral uvodno tekmo turneje Riggs-Kramer. Riggs je nato igral Kramerja za 17,5 odstotka bruto prejemkov. [18]: 16

26. decembra 1947 sta se Kramer in Riggs podala na svojo dolgo turnejo, ki se je začela z lahkotno zmago Riggsa pred 15.000 ljudmi, ki so se kljub rekordnemu snežnemu metežu, ki je imel rekordno snežno nevihto, odpravili v Madison Square Garden v New Yorku. mesto ustavilo. [19] [20] 16. januarja 1948 je Riggs vodil 8 tekem do 6. Na koncu 26 tekem sta Riggs in Kramer zmagala vsak po 13. Do takrat pa je Kramer okrepil svoj drugi servis, da bi izkoristil prednost. hitrih notranjih igrišč, na katerih so igrali in jim je zdaj uspelo preprečiti napredovanje Riggsa v mrežo. Kramer je turnejo začel tudi tako, da je odigral velik del vsake tekme od izhodišča. Končno je spoznal, da lahko z mreže premaga le Riggsa, zato je spremenil slog igre in začel prihajati na mrežo na vsaki točki. Riggs ni mogel obvladati Kramerjeve velike igre moči. Do konca turneje je Kramer neusmiljeno prevladoval nad Riggsom in zmagal 56 od zadnjih 63 tekem. Končni rezultat je bil 69 zmag za Kramerja proti 20 za Riggsa, nazadnje je amaterski prvak na svoji prvi turneji premagal vladajočega profesionalnega kralja. Opazovalci so na številnih zadnjih tekmah domnevali, da je Riggs po zaostanku pogosto obupal in pustil Kramerju zmagati. Riggs v svoji avtobiografiji pravi, da je Kramer zaslužil "skoraj sto tisoč dolarjev. Samo na ameriški turneji, jaz pa sem za svoj delež vzel skoraj petdeset tisoč". [18]: 25 [21]

Leta 1951, več kot 20 let, preden se je spopadel s Court in Kingom, je Riggs odigral kratko serijo tekem proti Pauline Betz. Te tekme so bile predvidene za prvo tekmo zvečer, preden se je Kramer v glavnem tekmovanju svetovne serije pomeril s Seguro. Tekme Riggs-Betz so potekale proti koncu turneje (potem ko je Betzov nasprotnik Gussie Moran zapustil turnejo).

Kljub temu, da je v naslednjih letih še vedno premagal odlične strokovnjake, kot so Pancho Segura, Pancho Gonzales, Jack Kramer ali Frank Kovacs, se je Riggs kmalu umaknil iz tekmovalnega tenisa in za kratek čas prevzel delo promocije profesionalne igre.

Kot starejši igralec v svojih 60. in 70. letih je Riggs osvojil številne državne naslove v različnih starostnih skupinah.

Grand Slam Edit

Samski: 3 naslovi, 2 podprvaka

Rezultat Leto Prvenstvo Površina Nasprotnik Ocena
Izguba 1939 Francosko prvenstvo Glina Don McNeill 5–7, 0–6, 3–6
Zmaga 1939 Wimbledon Trava Elwood Cooke 2–6, 8–6, 3–6, 6–3, 6–2
Zmaga 1939 Ameriško prvenstvo Trava Welby Van Horn 6–4, 6–2, 6–4
Izguba 1940 Ameriško prvenstvo Trava Don McNeill 6–4, 8–6, 3–6, 3–6, 5–7
Zmaga 1941 Ameriško prvenstvo Trava Frank Kovacs 5–7, 6–1, 6–3, 6–3

Pro Slam Edit

Samski: 3 naslovi, 3 podprvaki

Rezultat Leto Prvenstvo Površina Nasprotnik Ocena
Izguba 1942 US Pro Trava Don Budge 2–6, 2–6, 2–6
Zmaga 1946 US Pro Trava Don Budge 6–3, 6–1, 6–1
Zmaga 1947 US Pro Trava Don Budge 3–6, 6–3, 10–8, 4–6, 6–3
Izguba 1948 US Pro Trava Jack Kramer 12–14, 2–6, 6–3, 3–6
Izguba 1949 Wembley Pro V zaprtih prostorih Jack Kramer 6–2, 4–6, 3–6, 4–6
Zmaga 1949 US Pro Trava Don Budge 9–7, 3–6, 6–3, 7–5

Uredi časovno premico uspešnosti

Riggs se je pridružil poklicnemu teniškemu krogu leta 1941 in posledično mu je bilo prepovedano tekmovanje na amaterskih turnirjih za grand slam.

(A*) Tekme 1 niza v predhodnih krogih.

1936 1937 1938 1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 SR Ž – L Zmaga %
Grand Slam turnirji 3 / 8 40–5 88.9
Odprto prvenstvo Avstralije A A A A A ne drži ni upravičen 0 / 0 0–0
Odprto prvenstvo Francije A A A F. ne drži ni upravičen 0 / 1 6–1 85.7
Wimbledon A A A W ne drži ni upravičen 1 / 1 7–0 100.0
US Open 4R SF 4R W F. W ni upravičen 2 / 6 27–4 87.1
Pro Slam turnirji 3 / 18 36–16 69.2
ZDA Pro A A A A A A F. A NH A W W F. W SF SF A SF 1R QF A QF QF QF A A* A* 3 / 13 29–11 72.5
Francoski Pro A A A A ne drži A NH A A A A A 0 / 0 0–0
Wembley Pro NH A NH A ne drži F. SF QF QF QF NH NH A A A A A A A 0 / 5 7–5 58.3
Zmaga / izguba 2–1 5–1 3–1 19–1 5–1 6–0 4–1 0–0 0–0 0–0 5–0 6–0 4–1 6–1 3–2 3–3 1–1 3–2 0–1 1–1 0–0 0–1 0–1 0–1 0–0 0–0 0–0 6 / 26 76–21 78.4

Riggs je bil znan kot hustler in igralec iger na srečo [22] [23], ko je v svoji avtobiografiji iz leta 1949 zapisal, da je leta 1939 zaslužil 105.000 dolarjev (danes 1.954.000 dolarjev), tako da je v Angliji stavil na vse tri zmage v Wimbledonu: samce , dvojice in mešane dvojice. Takrat je bilo v Angliji večina stav nezakonitih. Od začetne stave 500 USD na njegove možnosti za zmago v konkurenci samskih je na koncu v dolarjih 2010 dobil 1,5 milijona dolarjev. Po besedah ​​Riggsa mu je druga svetovna vojna preprečila, da bi svoje dobitke odnesel iz države, tako da ga je do leta 1946 po koncu vojne čakala še večja vsota v Angliji, saj so se povečale za obresti.

Leta 1973 je Riggs videl priložnost, da zasluži in opozori na tenis. Prišel je iz upokojitve, da bi na tekmo izzval eno največjih igralk na svetu in trdil, da je ženska igra slabša in da ga vrhunska igralka ne more premagati niti pri 55 letih. Izpodbijal je Margaret Court, 30 let stara in najboljša igralka na svetu, igrali pa so 13. maja, na materinski dan, v Ramoni v Kaliforniji. Riggs je s svojimi padci in udarci zadrževal sodišče v ravnotežju [24] [25] njegova lahka zmaga 6–2, 6–1 v manj kot eni uri ga je pristala na naslovnici obeh Sports Illustrated in Čas revija. [25] [26] Tekma se je imenovala "pokol na materinski dan". [27]

Riggs je sprva izpodbijal Billie Jean King, vendar je zavrnila, saj je izziv obravnavala kot neumno zvijačo. Po izgubi sodišča z Riggsom se je King odločil sprejeti njegov izziv [28] [29], oba pa sta se v četrtek, 20. septembra, srečala v Houston Astrodomeu na televiziji v udarnem terminu na tekmi Bitka med spoloma. [6] Kvote in pisatelji so favorizirali Riggsa [30], ki je zgradil zgodnje vodstvo, vendar je King zmagal v zaporednih nizih (6–4, 6–3, 6–3) za nagrado 100.000 dolarjev za vse. [7] [8]

Program ESPN Zunaj linij [31] je trdil, da je Riggs izkoristil velike možnosti proti Kingu in vrgel tekmo, da bi izbrisal svoje dolgove do mafije. V programu je bil moški, ki je 40 let molčal zaradi samozaščite, ki je trdil, da je delal v državnem klubu in slišal več članov mafije govoriti o tem, da je Riggs vrgel tekmo v zameno za odpoved dolga pri igrah na srečo mob. Program je tudi navedel, da je Riggsov bližnji prijatelj in izvršitelj nepremičnin Lornie Kuhle odločno zanikal, da bi bil Riggs kdaj dolžan mafiji ali pa je od njih prejel izplačilo.

V filmski priredbi leta 2017 Bitka med spoloma, Riggsa je igral Steve Carell, z Emmo Stone kot Billie Jean King. [32] [33]

Riggs je bil poročen dvakrat in iz prvega zakona je imel dva sinova, iz drugega pa tri sinove in hčer. [34] Pred 21. letom se je Riggs srečal s kolegico teniško igralko Pauline Betz. Nato je na državnem turnirju v Illinoisu spoznal Catherine "Kay" Fischer. Poročila sta se v začetku decembra 1939 v Chicagu, ločila pa sta se v zgodnjih petdesetih letih. [35]

Riggs je svojo drugo ženo Priscillo Wheelan spoznal na igriščih podeželskega kluba LaGorce v Miamiju. Priscilla je prihajala iz bogate družine, ki je bila lastnica ugledne America Photograph Corporation s sedežem v New Yorku. [36] Poročila sta se septembra 1952, [35] ločila leta 1971 in se ponovno poročila leta 1991. [37]

Riggsu je bil leta 1988 diagnosticiran rak na prostati. Z Lornie Kuhle sta v Encinitasu v Kaliforniji ustanovila teniški klub in muzej Bobby Riggs, da bi povečala ozaveščenost o tej bolezni in hranila svoje spomine/trofeje. Riggs je umrl 25. oktobra 1995 na svojem domu v Levcadiji v Encinitasu v Kaliforniji, star 77 let. Za njim sta ostala dva sinova iz prve poroke, trije otroci iz drugega zakona, dva brata in štirje vnuki. [4] [38]

V zadnjih dneh je Riggs ostal v prijateljskem stiku z Billie Jean King in King ga je pogosto klical. Klicala ga je tik pred smrtjo in mu ponudila obisk, vendar ni hotel, da bi ga videla v njegovem stanju. Poklicala ga je še zadnjič, noč pred njegovo smrtjo in po besedah ​​Kinga v dokumentarnem filmu HBO o njej je zadnje, kar je Riggsu povedala, "ljubim te". [39]


Oznaka: Margaretino sodišče

Biên dịch: Nguyễn Thị Kim Phụng

Vào ngày này năm 1973, trong thời kỳ đầu của phong trào giải phóng phụ nữ, hai ngôi sao tenis Bobby Riggs v Margaret Court đã đối đầu trong một trận đấu mà ngườcắ nẽcônậcẽnậcẽnậcẽnậcẽnẽcẽnẽcậnẽcậnẽcẽ nẽườôẽẽ ậ.000ậ Riggs 55 tuổi, một nhà vô địch tenis từ cuối thập niên 1930 và đầu thập niên 1940, người nổi tiếng luôn hoài nghi về tài năng của phụ nữ trên sân đấu, đã tenis (n tận trậi tậi tớn trậi tậi tớn trận tậi trới tếi trận tận tận trậi tếi trới tđi tới tọi trới tếi trới tếi tới trọn tíi tđi tọi tđi tọi trọi spolov). Trận đấu, diễn ra vào Ngày của Mẹ và được phát trên sóng truyền hình quốc tế, đã được tổ chức trên sân nhà của Riggs, Câu lạc bộ Đồng quê San Vince San Vince San Vince San Vince San Vince San Vince San Vince San Vince San Vince San Vince San Vince San Vince San Vince San Vince San Vince San Vince San Vince San Vince San Vince San Vince San Vince San Vince San Vince San Vince San Vince San Vince San Vince San Vince San Vince San Vince San Vince San Vince San Vince San Vince San Vince San Vince San Vince San Vince San Vince San Vince San Vincea San Vincea San Vincea San Vince Tiền thu được đã được hứa đem trao tặng cho Hiệp hội Tiểu đường Mỹ. Nadaljujte z branjem 󈫽/05/1973: “Trận chiến Giới tính” đầu tiên giữa Bobby Riggs proti Margaret Court ”


Kaj je naslednje

V naslednjih mesecih je Riggs, potrt zaradi njegove izgube, nadlegoval Kinga za revanš —, ki ga je zavrnila. Sčasoma bosta dva nasprotnika bitke spolov ustvarila trajno vez in ostala bosta prijatelja, dokler Riggs leta 1995 ni umrl.

Devetnajst let po tekmi, leta 1992, je v drugem obračunu med moškimi in ženskami, imenovanem The Battle of Champions, Jimmy Connors nadigral Martino Navratilovo. Čeprav mu je bil dovoljen le en servis, ona pa je lahko zadela v polovico dvojic, je vseeno zmagal 7-5 6-2. Connors je kasneje trdil, da je postavil milijonsko stavo, da je padel manj kot osem iger.


Potem ko je premagal tenisačico, je Riggs izzval Kinga, naj "ohrani to spolno stvar"

V začetku leta 1973 je 55-letni Riggs zbujal nekaj nujno potrebne pozornosti, saj je zaničeval kakovost tenisa žensk in apoksa ter zahteval, da se sooči s svojimi vrhunskimi igralci. Njegove tarče so ga na splošno ignorirale, toda spomladi je na avstralski prvakinji Margaret Court našel prevzemnika.

Court, takrat 30-letna, je bila sredi kariere, ki je ustvarila več naslovov singlov Grand Slam kot kateri koli drug igralec – moški ali ženska – v zgodovini, vendar je bila na tekmo 13. maja z Riggsom slabo pripravljena. Sodišče, ki ga je vrgel hustler & aposs izbor lobov, padcev in drugih zvijač, se je na poti do poti 6-2, 6-1, ki so jo poimenovali "pokol za mater in aposs", hitro razpletlo. & Quot

Z zmago je Riggs takoj poklical nasprotnika, ki mu je bil bolj všeč. "Zdaj si Kinga zelo želim," je napovedal. & quotI & aposll jo igram na glini, travi, lesu, cementu, marmorju ali rolerjih. . . Moramo nadaljevati s tem seksom. Zdaj sem ženska specialistka. & Quot; King je imel na krožniku že veliko, vključno s, kot se je izkazalo, skrivnim odnosom s svojo pomočnico, vendar je vedela, da ni izbire, če upa, da bo ohranila težko zaslužene dobičke za žensko in aposovsko stran . Julija je 29-letnik uradno privolil v 100.000 dolarjev zmagovalno tekmo z zmagovalcem športa in aposa.


V sredo mineva 44 let od teniške bitke spolov

Tekma se je zgodila v prelomnem času za Kinga in za ženske v tenisu. 29-letni King je pred tem zavrnil Riggsov izziv, vendar se je strinjal, da se bo soočil s 55-letnikom, potem ko je maja zmagal na podobni tekmi proti Margaret Court. Nekaj ​​tednov pred Kingovo tekmo z Riggsom je bila med majhno skupino igralk, ki so pomagale ustvariti profesionalno žensko turnejo v tenisu.

King se je soočal tudi s skeptiki, ki so verjeli, da ženska preprosto ne more premagati moškega na atletskem tekmovanju. King je dejal, da je zaskrbljena, "če bi na tej tekmi ne zmagal, bi se nam vrnilo 50 let nazaj."

Bila je tudi zagovornica pravic žensk zunaj teniškega igrišča. Bila je zagovornica novega zakona iz naslova IX, ki zahteva enakost spolov v izobraževalnih programih, ki prejemajo zvezna sredstva, in povedala je, da verjame, da bo njeno ujemanje z Riggsom vplivalo na javno mnenje o zakonodaji.

Na dan tekme se je v Houston Astrodome prijavilo več kot 30.000 ljudi, 50 milijonov pa jih je gledalo televizijo. King je premagal Riggsa, 6-4, 6-3, 6-3.

Leta 2013 je ESPN preiskal obtožbe, da je Riggs namerno vrgel tekmo, da bi poplačal mafijce. Čeprav je Riggs umrl leta 1995, je King spregovoril o polemiki in trdil, da je zmagala pošteno.

"100 -odstotno sem prepričana, da je Bobby želel zmagati tako močno kot jaz," je dejala. "Tisti, ki so stavili proti meni, so izgubili denar, rezultat pa je danes enak kot pred 40 leti."


Bitka med spoloma: Ko je Bobby Riggs v pokoju na materinski dan podrl Margaret Court

Bi lahko John McEnroe premagal Sereno Williams, če bi igrali jutri?

To je enakovredno vprašanje, ki je bilo zastavljeno leta 1973, ko se je Bobby Riggs srečal z Margaret Court.

In tako kot bi se svetovno televizijsko občinstvo zagotovo prilagodilo vsakemu spopadu McEnroe-Williams, je tudi Bitka spolov, ki se je ta teden zgodila pred 47 leti, zajela svetovno domišljijo.

13. maja 1973-pred 47 leti v tem tednu-je prišlo do slehernega napovedovanja, ali se bo 55-letni Riggs, dolgo upokojeni prvak Wimbledona leta 1939 in dvakratni zmagovalec odprtega prvenstva ZDA, lahko ujemal s 30-letnikom Court, takrat že 22-kratni zmagovalec grand slama.

Postal je znan kot pokol na materinski dan.

Kdo je bil Bobby Riggs in kaj je moral pridobiti?

Riggs je bil 55-letni Američan, ki se je v svojem času tekmoval z Jackom Kramerjem in Fredom Perryjem. Razigran Riggs, ki je bil sicer znan po igrah na srečo in mučenju, naj bi bil dolgo časa resen teniški igralec, preden je izpodbijal Billie Jean King, ki ga ni hotela igrati, nato pa sodišče na tekmo zmagovalca.

Avstralsko sodišče je to sprejelo, zaradi česar je King po takratnem poročilu Sports Illustrated dejal: "Če Margaret izgubi, smo v težavah. Sam ga bom moral izzvati."

Oba igralca naj bi v žep plačala pristojbine za zdrav videz, pri čemer je na samem tekmovanju v igri 10.000 dolarjev.

Kje se je zgodilo Court vs Riggs?

Kalifornijska dolina San Vicente je uprizorila obračun, ki je bil za nedeljsko popoldansko teniško dirko veličastno odmaknjen.

Drama se je odvijala na zelenem trdem igrišču, obkroženem s štirimi začasnimi stojnicami s 3000 gledalci, ki so plačali 10 dolarjev na glavo, vključno z zvezdami dneva, med tistimi, ki jih je v puščavo vlekel zvezdnik ameriškega nogometa OJ Simpson in igralec Bill Cosby.

"Mislim, da bo Margaret Court, če ves čas resno tekmujete, imel prednost," je Simpson povedal ameriški televizijski ekipi.

Kako se je Riggs lotil njegovega največjega vrveža?

Determinedly boorish, Riggs, who wore black thick-rimmed glasses, was focused on ensuring this match was about the hustle as much as the tennis.

His objective was to knock Court out of her stride before they began, and contemporary reports speculated that inveterate gambler Riggs had rather more riding on the outcome than the relatively modest prize money.

He played up his image as an enemy to womankind, and many Americans were revolted, with Riggs crowing: "I am the greatest money player in history."

There was the date, Mother's Day, that brought added intrigue. A day to celebrate mothers, and womankind, was in danger of being hijacked. Court was a new mother herself.

Crucially, Riggs had trained hard, knocking several vices on the head, or at least limiting them, and achieving prim shape, certainly for a man in his mid-fifties.

Court dressed for the occasion, in a patriotic yellow and green pastel kit, 'Margaret' stitched onto the collar. The New York Times reported it was the first time she had not worn white.

She had plenty of support, too. 'Women's libbers', as they were popularly known at the time, were out in force to back Court.

But Riggs was not to be outdone, and the showman walked down onto the court from a stairway in the stands decked out in a tracksuit as blue as the sky, carrying a bouquet of roses, that he presented nonchalantly to Court, who instinctively curtsied.

Bobby Riggs would have turned 102 years old today.We were fierce competitors on the court in the Battle of the Sexes, but off the court, he was my friend.Happy birthday, Bobby. You are missed. pic.twitter.com/4oq75W18ZG

— Billie Jean King (@BillieJeanKing) February 25, 2020

A match that the bookmakers could not call was to prove utterly one-sided, indeed hugely anti-climactic.

Once the drama of the build-up was done, Riggs pegged back serve-volleyer Court and tore to a 6-2 6-1 victory.

Hardly what the CBS television audience, and those watching back in Australia, had expected.

Court's performance was unusually listless, and she said afterwards the gentle nature of Riggs' game, which he had mixed up to compelling effect, had caught her out.

As an excuse, it was bunk really. Riggs the show pony had completely outfoxed her, steering her to distraction.

"My concentration was bad today," Court told reporters, "and I've been concentrating really well in the last six months or so. I saw everything going on around the court today which was very unusual for me."

Riggs rejoices, and "proves a point"

Court had stressed before the match she was not interested in the 'Battle of the Sexes' element of the contest and was not carrying any banner, but Riggs was all over that aspect.

"I think it proves a point," he said afterwards.

"Fifty-five-year-old, one foot in the grave, night and day difference. And she's the best woman player of all time.

"Sixty million people watching. Biggest match of all time. Battle of the Sexes. And we've all had plenty of time to get ready for it. And you saw what happened, I don't have to explain it to you.

"I think it was the tension, the pressure, the biggest match ever played. The 60 million audience on television. All the press, the way the thing has been built up over the last six months

"She arrived here with the whole pressure of the women's world on her."

Bobby Riggs had approached me several times to play him prior to 1973, but I had not taken the bait. When Margaret Court accepted his invitation to play, I told her, ‘You know you have to win, right?’ Once she lost the match, I knew I would have to play him.

— Billie Jean King (@BillieJeanKing) August 21, 2019

After seeing off Court, Riggs could name his price for a follow-up match, providing he could find a worthy opponent.

In stepped King, just as she promised, and both reportedly landed $75,000 just for taking part in a September 1973 clash, with a further $100,000 for the winner.

Hosted at the Houston Astrodome, King sauntered to a 6-4 6-3 6-3 victory to land the cash, strike a crucial blow for women in sport, and surely give Court more than a little pause for thought.


Tennis's Other ➺ttle of the Sexes,' Before King-Riggs

Margaret Court followed the money down a desolate two-lane highway. About 40 miles northeast of San Diego, the road known as Wildcat Canyon slithered past orange groves, a dusty Indian reservation and through the shadows of the Cuyamaca Mountains. It was an uncomfortable stretch, so isolated that Mexican drug smugglers favored the route for their midnight drops.

Reaching the outpost of Ramona, Calif., Margaret found a luxury housing development still in the bulldozing stage. It was May 13, 1973. A tennis has-been named Bobby Riggs and a sure $10,000 were just 48 hours away.

All the 5-foot-10 Aussie had to do was punch a few volleys past the geezer in telescopic glasses. All the mommy of the moment had to decide was where to ace the mouthy, wrinkled runt: down the middle or out wide.

It was going to be so easy. With her husband and infant son by her side, Margaret would walk onto a court surrounded by 3,200 fans in makeshift bleachers, impose her V-8 power strokes on Bobby, and exit this lizard's paradise with the winner-take-all payday, plus an extra $10,000 in television rights fees from CBS.

Margaret often described money as an evil, but even she had to admit that the dough was the inducement that brought her here, not Bobby's sexist prattle. She entered her match with Riggs as if it were an exhibition, rather than a serious competition against a skilled and cunning opponent. And she gave no thought to its social consequences. American women were tossing bras, girdles and nylons into trash bins, but the women's movement didn't move Margaret. She was a Mrs., not a Ms.

"I found that a difficult time," Margaret recalls. "I always felt your gift made room for you. Whether you're a man or whether you're a woman, I didn't feel you had to go over the top."

No, Margaret was never one to go over the top. She was a benevolent bystander when Billie Jean King and eight other women risked their tennis careers in daring skirmishes for prize-money equality in 1970. She was a practicing pacifist when those women -- known as The Original Nine -- defied the male tennis establishment to form an autonomous circuit called the Virginia Slims.

Margaret just wasn't the defiant type. She preferred to be a non-combatant amid the gender mudslinging of the early seventies. As a devout Christian who found moral clarity in the Scriptures, she was like many alienated onlookers who couldn't separate man-bashing militants from the messengers of equality. Everything had changed so much, so fast while she was away.

She had fled from fame in 1966, retiring from tennis for two years, desperate to shed her label as the Aussie wonder girl who had won 13 majors before her 25th birthday. But after her marriage to Barry Court in 1967, she returned to the tour in 1968. She hadn't touched a racket in two years, but she slipped right back into her old competitive skin.

In 1970, Margaret won all four majors to capture the elusive Grand Slam. None of those victories was more remarkable than her two-and-a-half-hour epic at Wimbledon. Just before her final against Billie Jean King, Margaret received two painkiller injections into her puffy ankle, blue from a ligament she tore in an earlier match. Billie Jean grimaced through the end of the match with leg cramps and cranky knees.

Barry traveled the world with Margaret. He shrugged off the teases from the blokes back home and never seemed threatened by her success. She was embraced, not marginalized by men. She didn't realize that few women of her time could join her in saying, "I was always the leader of the gang, you know, I had eight boys in the street and I was the cowboy and never the Indian. I never felt frustrated."

All of her life, gentlemen had routinely opened doors for Margaret: from Wal Rutter, the grumpy pro at the tennis club in her hometown of Albury, New South Wales, to the gym attendants who let her into the weight room at 5 a.m., to her coach, the Australian tennis legend Frank Sedgman, who whisked her away from Albury, offering her a job as a typist and a future as a player. At fifteen, Margaret Smith, who grew up in a rented home where she could measure the financial burdens on her family in the amount of alcohol her father drank, was bound for Melbourne to become a gender bender of her own design: a woman with uncommon muscle but traditional values.

Throughout her career, Margaret was an opponent's nightmare. She swooped down and plucked more titles than any woman in history as the unassuming wife who was happy to take career breaks for childbirth. After the first of her three children arrived in 1972, Margaret sat on the sideline for nearly a year. She returned to the tennis mix in 1973, starting off the season with an Australian Open title.

Margaret's priorities were family, tennis and, especially, God, after a spiritual rebirth in the spring of 1972. Religion simplified her world. It eliminated political nuance and its complexities, perhaps one reason she never saw the social tentacles attached to the mouth of Bobby Riggs. To her, Bobby was a harmless huckster with an outdated game and a chauvinist's shtick, a threat to be taken as seriously as a haunted house. His fangs were false his hair was dyed his best days were cobwebbed.

"She didn't get it," Billie says. "She just didn't get it."

Bobby reveled in the perception of himself as a living, breathing punch line of the senior circuit, but there was a message in his act. In the early seventies, Bobby began speaking out against the short shrifting of seniors. He demanded more prize money for aging ex-champions like himself while mocking Billie Jean King's own crusade for equal pay. If women are raking it in, what about us?

Bobby felt sure that any graying champ could knock the high heels off any woman anywhere. And it would mean a second lap with fame for Riggs himself.

The sprite-sized Riggs, a player who survived against giants by exploiting their human weaknesses, plotted his way to the Wimbledon men's singles title in 1939 at 21. The instant attention he gained was delightfully dizzying, a feeling he never thought heɽ recapture. Then came the spring of ❳.

To be surrounded like a bonfire again, to be seated at the best tables in the house, it all made for an intoxicating range of possibilities. But he couldn't realize any of them unless he made the match a reality. So Bobby did what came naturally for him -- he put money on it. Armed with a $5,000 carrot, he sent out telegrams challenging his wish list of opponents: Billie Jean King, Chris Evert and Margaret Smith Court.

Billie was the one he wanted, the one who really mattered. "The sex leader of the revolutionary pack," he tagged her. That was typical Riggs, a lob over the net that was meant to tease, to frustrate. To goad. Billie just let it skip out of bounds. "There was nothing in it for women's tennis," Billie says. "I kept saying, 'No, Bobby, no."'

Undervalued in King's Eyes

Margaret couldn't resist the bait. At first, hardly anyone knew that she had accepted Bobby's invitation. Then she and Billie shared a ride in an elevator at the Virginia Slims in Detroit.

"I'm going to play Bobby Riggs," Margaret mentioned as they inched down the shaft.

"That's not enough," Billie countered, "and, secondly, this is not about tennis."

"What do you mean? I'm about to get $10,000."

"Margaret, I'm just going to ask one thing of you: You have to win this match." Margaret nodded politely. Too politely.

"No, I mean it. You have to win this match. You have no idea how important this is."

Billie understood what Margaret couldn't grasp: With critics starting to assail Title IX, with companies still treating working women as credit liabilities and maternity risks, with the credibility of feminists on the line, the consequences of a loss to Bobby could be dire. However, as Billie would later point out, "Margaret didn't see the big picture."

A large, malleable national television audience was expected to watch Margaret's match against Bobby. Billie knew this was no time for a woman to fall apart. The problem was, several early-round losses in the late sixties had earned Margaret a reputation for emotional fragility. Whether it was justified or not, nearly every player on the tour thought of Margaret as someone who collapsed under pressure -- a choker.

"Our reputation is at stake, and I'm afraid Bobby will win," Billie told the press days before the match. "Here is an old jerk who dyes his hair, waddles like a duck and has trouble seeing. We have nothing to gain."

Seeing Beneath the Bravado

Billie was familiar with the puckish, if not outright devilish, interior hidden behind Bobby's ham-handed persona. Born 26 years after Riggs, reared just a few miles from his public park haunts in Los Angeles, Billie had heard the folk tales of his crafty tactics and unquenchable taste for action. She knew he was a great competitor, an esteemed former Wimbledon champion, and an ace pool-hall hustler disguised in tennis whites.

"I just thought, here is a man who has quite a big mouth," Margaret recalls.

You almost couldn't blame Margaret. Sheɽ never been manipulated by a man. But then sheɽ never met a man quite like Bobby Riggs.

He wasn't in tune with women and politics. But, one day, he opened his chops and out came a line that prompted a few giggles, and whetted his appetite for attention:

"C'mon, Billie. Let's play for some money."

Although the press took up his challenge, the players largely ignored Bobby -- until Margaret Court said, "Yes." Privately, she was annoyed that Billie had been Bobby's target when it was Margaret who had the best record on the tour.

"I've beaten better men than Bobby in practice matches," Court announced to reporters. Hardly the taunting type, she played the good sport and went along with Bobby's schemes to hype the event. The media lapped up the loudmouth.

"Call it the Match of the Century," Bobby spouted at a news conference in March to announce his match with Margaret on Mother's Day.

It was hyperbole with a purpose. Bobby was already applying pressure on Margaret's suspect nerves. This was Bobby's moment, and he didn't want to squander it by taking Margaret lightly. He worked out relentlessly. Bobby ran at least a mile a day around a school track near his Newport Beach digs.

Bobby's son Larry, the only one of his children who had excelled as a tennis player, teamed with Bobby's best friend, Lornie Kuhle, to oversee his father's diligent preparation for the match with Margaret.

"For three or four months, we're talking running every day, playing six hours of tennis a day," Larry says. "Train, train, train. He was playing the best tennis of his life."

Training by itself, though, couldn't push back the clock fast or far enough to suit Bobby. He needed a youth potion to match up with the 30-year-old Margaret. At 55, he sought out Rheo Blair, Hollywood's top nutritional guru. Under Blair's supervision, Bobby adopted a diet of protein, dairy products and 415 vitamins a day. "No Booze, No Broads, Vows Bobby," the headlines read.

Bobby's base of operation was the Park Newport condo complex, where he was the tennis director of a swinging singles California enclave for the Geritol set. To promote his match with Margaret, Bobby all but ran an open house for the news media, working the room day and night.

His favorite T-shirt bore the acronym WORMS -- the World Organization for the Retention of Male Supremacy. He was always full of philosophical prose, which he doled out to media by the ladle.

"Margaret is an even-money bet. She plays like a man, I play like a woman."

"Women who can do. Those who can't become feminists."

Bobby's colorful comments had reach. From tennis diehards to the man on the street, they all pounced on every outrageous sentence the flimflam man uttered. In the 1970's, tennis sizzled and Bobby was its latest walking, ever talking marquee attraction. Now all he had to do was win. Bobby scouted Margaret, taking copious notes while following her around the Virginia Slims circuit. Then he candidly laid out his plan for beating her: serve her the soft stuff, throw off her power with spins, upset her rhythm with drop shots, wear down her patience with lobs.

From Lubbock to Las Vegas, the more Bobby chattered, the more folks he convinced. Jimmy the Greek, the oddsmaker of the moment, made Riggs the 5-2 favorite. But the more Bobby talked up his tactics, the more Margaret laughed off his jibes and quips as she continued to win on the tour.

"I am not carrying the banner for Women's Lib," she declared.

Her indifference to the hype befuddled Bobby. Why wasn't Margaret reacting? Wasn't she worried? Then Margaret took off the week before the match to practice with her part-time coach Dennis Van der Meer. Special workouts with Van der Meer hmmm she was feeling the pinch, Bobby thought. Popolno.

Two days before the match, Margaret, Barry, and their 14-month-old son, Danny, made the journey through the gaunt wilderness to San Diego Country Estates.

"With all the shouting and all the showbiz," Margaret says, "I guess I was shocked."

She had barely fought through the swarm of photographers when Bobby began trying his best to crack her cool. "Do you realize, Margaret," Bobby chimed above the fray, "that this is the most important match ever played? Just think how many women are counting on you."

Margaret appeared unruffled by whatever Bobby cooked up. She treated her opponent cordially, for the most part, and even seemed to find him amusing. She got into the spirit of the event by sticking a popular button on Danny's bib: "Women's libbers speak for themselves . Bobby Riggs -- Bleah!"

The night before the match, everyone convened in the dining area for one last supper, as Bobby called it.

"The eyes and ears of the world are on me," Riggs howled. "I am the greatest money player in history."

The Court family dined quietly, alone on the other side of the room, removed from the carnival barker in their midst. During dinner, Danny turned his high chair into a snare drum, banging his spoon to his own beat. The rap was so loud, so unrestrained, and so obnoxious, Margaret couldn't help but note, "You make more noise than Bobby Riggs."

There it was. Bobby was inside Margaret's head. Just where he wanted to be.

Mother's Day morning started off inauspiciously in Margaret's suite. Danny had dumped his mom's only pair of tennis shoes into the toilet.

"It was the beginning of an interesting time," Margaret says.

At least her prized dress was dry. At her request, dress designer extraordinaire Ted Tinling had whipped up a pastel dress trimmed in the Aussie national colors of green and gold. Margaret's name was embroidered on each side of her collar. Here she was, a woman who usually sought invisibility, and she was all but wearing a vanity plate.

Margaret loped to the net to greet the 5-7 Bobby before the match, towering over him as if they were dates at an eighth-grade dance. Instead of a corsage, Bobby handed her a dozen roses as they met in front of CBS commentator Pat Summerall.

"For the nicest mother in tennis," Bobby grinned. "Happy Mother's Day."

Nasty little man, she thought. But to the world, Margaret did not seem the least bit offended. She curtsied in front of the cameras, almost blushing submissively. All week, tales of how she had dismantled Tony Trabert's power in practice had circled the grounds. But that, Bobby believed, was the wrong preparation. She should have been practicing against a beginner.

His strategy worked right from the start. Bobby immediately rendered the circuit's most dominating female force into a weekend hacker by dinking his serves, punching drop shots and lobbing the ball into the afternoon sun. Flummoxed in the face of Bobby's underwhelming attack, her confidence evaporated as the pressure on her built.

She tumbled into Bobby's trap. He had made a career out of waiting for an opponent's mistake. Connecting on just 18 of 37 first serves, Court's collapse happened at flashbulb speed.

Meanwhile, Billie Jean King had nearly missed the match entirely. After stepping off a plane on a layover in Hawaii between Tokyo and L.A., Billie, her secretary Marilyn Barnett, and fellow tennis star Rosie Casals raced through the terminal, frantically looking for one of those coin-operated TV sets attached to the chairs in the waiting areas.

At last they found a vacant one. Nothing but "Gunsmoke" reruns. Finally, they heard the result on Rosie's radio. In just 57 minutes Bobby had dismantled Margaret, 6-2, 6-1.

Billie was beside herself. She knew Margaret's loss would not only be used to undermine the fight for equal pay on the tour, it would also provide an easy caricature for political cartoonists. She marched through the terminal, incensed and motivated. "That's it," she thought. "I've got to play him." Billie phoned her husband and said, "Larry, now we've got something to prove."

On TV, the nation saw Bobby hop the net in California to embrace Margaret after a match that tennis devotées still remember as The Mother's Day Massacre. Bobby's instinct for timing kicked in instantly. In front of the post-match press, he voiced his favorite male fantasy.

"Now I want King bad. I'll play her on clay, grass, wood, cement, marble or roller skates," he declared. "We got to keep this sex thing going. I'm a woman specialist now."

During interviews Bobby flapped his lips again and again to issue yet another challenge to Billie: "I want her, she's the Women's Libber leader."

Far too late, Margaret recognized the magnitude of her match with Bobby. "It was one of my mistakes," Margaret wistfully says now.

This hadn't been a tennis event, but a human saga between the sidelines this hadn't been a casual Sunday hit, but a political proving ground for gender. Billie would have Margaret's political ignorance to thank for spinning her destiny into motion. In essence, Margaret was a matchmaker. Bobby had been waiting for a gal like Billie all of his life.

This article is an adaptation from "A Necessary Spectacle: Billie Jean King, Bobby Riggs, and the Tennis Match That Leveled the Game," (Crown) by Selena Roberts about the 1973 "Battle of the Sexes," which was more about gender, politics, theater and equal pay than tennis. It is often forgotten that without Riggs's humiliation of the mighty Margaret Court, King-Riggs would have never happened.


Billy Jean King

During his initial challenge to female tennis players, Riggs has originally wanted to play Billie Jean King. By 1973, King had already won 10 major singles titles but had repeatedly turned him down, not wanting to indulge the showman having been a strong advocate for gender equality and social justice.

But following his win over Court, Riggs had been in the national limelight and continued to taunt female tennis players. King eventually accepted the challenge as well as a lucrative offer which involved King taking on Riggs in a nationally televised match on prime time ABC. The match was dubbed the ‘Battle of the Sexes.’

A prize of $100,000 was set for the match with the winner taking all. Riggs hyped the contest in press conferences and in the media with a plethora of misogynistic comments, including “the best way to handle women is to keep them pregnant and barefoot,” exclaiming, “I’ll tell you why I’ll win. She’s a woman and they don’t have the emotional stability.” Riggs also promised to jump off a bridge if he lost declaring, “women belong in the bedroom and kitchen, in that order.” King, though attempting to keep things playful, responded by calling him Riggs a ‘creep.’


The True Story Behind the Battle of the Sexes Film

T he 1973 tennis match between Billie Jean King and Bobby Riggs was a spectacle made for Hollywood. King was at the top of her game, the first female player to win over $100,000 in a year. Riggs was an over-the-hill showboat and self-declared chauvinist pig with a gambling problem. Riggs hoped for one last minute of fame, King to prove that women deserved as much prize money and respect as men.

Ninety million people tuned into “The Battle of the Sexes,” and 44 years later Emma Stone and Steve Carrell are bringing the match to the big screen. The movie details both the on-court drama and the behind-the-scenes turmoil affecting the two tennis legends. The married King had recently begun an affair with a woman, while Riggs was struggling to connect with his family. Here’s what the movie got right about the historic game that made King an icon &mdash and what the filmmakers exaggerated.

Fact: Billie Jean King came into conflict with Jack Kramer

Once a tennis champ himself, Kramer (Bill Pullman) was running the Pacific Southwest Tennis Tournament in 1970. That tournament offered women just 15% of the prize money that it awarded the men, despite that the women’s final sold as many tickets as the men’s final did. King challenged Kramer about the pay gap, and when he would not agree to up the women’s prize money, King led a walk-out. She and several other women went on to create the Virginia Slims tour and later the Women’s Tennis Association.

Kramer and King came into conflict again three years later on the eve of the Battle of the Sexes game. Kramer was set to be a commentator for the game, and King threatened to call off the match at the last minute if Kramer wasn’t removed. She argued that he was biased against female tennis players. The network conceded to her demands.

Fact: Virginia Slims sponsored that women’s tennis tour

In retrospect, the cigarette company was probably not the best sponsor of an athletic tournament. But it was the only advertising money they could get. Sarah Silverman’s character, Gladys Heldman, did indeed arrange the Virginia Slims tour. She asked the players to sign symbolic $1 contracts before they had enough money to pay the players and then wrangled sponsors. The women were suspended by the USTA but when the women’s tour proved successful, the two tours merged again.

Once a tennis player herself, Heldman founded World Tennis magazine and supported female tennis players in their support for equal pay. Her own daughter, Julie, even joined the separate women’s tour.

Fact: Riggs played poker with his therapist

Fiction: King and Riggs were old friends

In the movie, the two tennis players seem to know each other well &mdash not only does Riggs call King in the middle of the night to challenge her to a match, but King dismisses the call as typical Riggs behavior. In reality, King says she barely knew the former champion, who was 25 years her senior.

However, after the Battle of the Sexes the two became friends and remained close until his death in 1995. King said she spoke to Riggs the day before he died, and they said “I love you” to each other.

Fact: King did initially turn Riggs down for the match

And he did then ask Margaret Court (Jessica McNamee) to play him instead. Riggs defeated Court in the “Mother’s Day Massacre,” which changed King’s mind about playing Riggs.

King and Court really were rivals, their careers intertwined. King’s first major singles success came in 1972 when she upset the top-seeded Court in the second round of Wimbledon. For the next decade, they competed for the top spot of the women’s rankings. Over the course of their careers, Court won 24 majors, and King just 12. That made King’s ability to defeat Riggs after the Mother’s Day Massacre extra sweet.

Fact: Margaret Court is opposed to same-sex marriage

The conservative tennis player has publicly called same-sex relationships “a lust for the flesh.”

Fact: During the “Battle of the Sexes,” Billie Jean King was involved with her hairdresser

The affair really did take place in the period before the Battle of the Sexes. King’s relationship with hairdresser Marilyn Barnett later became public in 1981 when Barnett sued King for a share of the tennis player’s property. In the suit, Barnett argued that because she gave up her career as a hairdresser to become a secretary, confidante, cook “and all other things necessary so that Mrs. King’s energy could be totally directed toward playing tennis,” under California law Barnett was due palimony, according to the New York Times.

King, who was still married to Larry King (Austin Stowell in the movie) at the time, initially denied the affair. But later that year she called a press conference in which she admitted her involvement with Barnett (Andrew Riseborough). “People’s privacy is very important, but unfortunately someone didn’t respect that,” she told Chicago Tribune. “I did have an affair with Marilyn, but it was over quite some time ago. I’m very disturbed and shocked that Marilyn would do this in such a selfish way.”

Billie Jean and Larry King divorced in 1987. King is now in a relationship with Ilana Kloss, also a former tennis player. She has since become a prominent booster for LGBTQ rights.

Fiction: Barnett showed up right before King’s match to give her a haircut

The scene in which Barnett runs out of her salon to find King and give her a confidence boost (and a haircut) right before her face-off with Riggs is Hollywood fabrication. The haircut did happen but in Los Angeles before King left for the match in Houston.


Poglej si posnetek: Mothers Day Massacre. Margaret Court vs Bobby Riggs


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